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A Brief History Of limba română (Romanian Language)

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The Romanian language (limba română) belongs to the Romance group of languages.

I’m not going to go into too much depth here because the study and history of any language fills text books!

Romanian is the official language of Romania, Moldova and the Serbian Autonomous Province of Vojvodina.

It is derived from Latin and has many similarities to modern Spanish, French and Portuguese but is closest to modern Italian in the way it is comprehended. Romania is the only Eastern European which speaks a Romance language.

The Transylvanian plateau in the heart of Romania was originally occupied by the Dacian peoples. They spoke an Indo-European language of which there is little known today, but through a long period of Romanisation and influences from the south, the language acquired it’s own identity between the 7th and 10 century AD. The speakers of this language became known as Wallachians.

Given its location in Europe and being overrun by tribes such as the Goths, Slavs, Magyars, Bulgars and Turks, their language survived. Modern Romanian reflects the influences these other peoples have had on the Romanian language.

Even with all these liguistic influences from the past, it is believed that modern Romanian is almost 90% derived from Latin. It is said this is the case because Romanian developed in isolation from the other Romance languages.

Like most languages around the world today, Romanian has adopted many ‘loan’ words such as; computer, polivinil or phrases such as ‘specialist în fizioterapie.’

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